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John’s Believe It Or Not… June 7th

In 1866 – 1800 Fenians raid Lower Canada. In 1929 Vatican City becomes a sovereign state. In 1692 Earthquake destroys Jamaican pirate haven. In 1893 Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience. In 1913 First successful ascent of Mt. McKinley.

It’s Hump Day Wednesday! Did you know…

* 1866 – 1800 Fenians raid Lower Canada.  (Between 1866 and 1871, the Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland. They divided Catholic Irish-Canadians, many of whom were torn between loyalty to their new home and sympathy for the aims of the Fenians. The Protestant Irish were generally loyal to Britain and fought with the Orange Order against the Fenians. While the U.S. authorities arrested the men and confiscated their arms, there is speculation that some in the U.S. government had turned a blind eye to the preparations for the invasion, angered at actions that could have been construed as Canadian assistance to the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. There were five Fenian raids of note and all of them ended in failure. After the invasion of Canada West [Ontario] failed, the Fenians decided to concentrate their efforts on Canada East [Quebec]. However, the American government had begun to impede Fenian activities, and arrested many Fenian leaders. The Fenians soon saw their plans begin to fade. General Samuel Spear of the Fenians managed to escape arrest, and, on June 7, Spear and his 1000 men marched into Canadian territory, achieving occupancy of Pigeon Hill, Frelighsburg, St. Armand and Stanbridge. At this point, the Canadian government had done little to defend the border, but on June 8 Canadian forces arrived at Pigeon Hill and the Fenians, who were low on arms, ammunition, and supplies, promptly surrendered, ending the raid on Canada East.) Continue reading “John’s Believe It Or Not… June 7th”